WEB DESIGN USING GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD

With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web developer brisbane Nets and Webs

Spider Veins – Cause and Treatments

Sometimes, you may have noticed red and blue blood vessels visible through your skin. Did you been slightly embarrassed or worried about them? Have you wondered? They are known as spider veins. Let’s discuss the causes and treatments of spider vein.

What causes spider veins?
Spider veins are a mild manifestation of venous reflux disease. This means a small, tangled groups of blood vessels that are found just beneath the skin’s surface. These dilated veins have the appearance of spider webs or branches, and generally spread out on the legs and feet.

What are the risk factors?
Spider vein risk factors are like those associated with varicose veins, including older age, occupations requiring extended periods of standing, obesity, heredity factors and hormonal changes. People can also experience spider veins because of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or as a result of weak vessel walls.

From the risk factors, it is clear that some people are prone to this problem than others. For example, if you work as a surgeon, a teacher or a nurse, the chances are high that you could experience this condition. Similarly, if there is a family history of weak vein valves, the probability of developing spider veins is also high. The same applies regarding hormonal changes, which generally occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause.

The exact cause of spider veins is yet to be established. Existing risk factors can be divided into two wide sub-divisions, i.e. congenital causes and acquired causes. In congenital causes, there Maffucci’s syndrom, port-wine stain and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (also known as osler-weber-rendu syndrome), among others. The acquired causes include chemotherapy, acne rosacea and lifestyle/occupation risk factors (as discussed above).

Spider vein symptoms
Spider veins are painful in some cases, generally accompanying cramping and aching. They often result in a feeling of heaviness in the legs, and burning, tingling or throbbing sensations. In addition, other symptoms such as itching, fatigue and swelling can also be experienced. In advanced cases, this condition can develop large sores, phlebitis and ulcers. However, spider veins are noticed by their appearance in a majority of incidences.

Tests and Diagnosis
Doctors generally use non-invasive diagnostic tests to diagnose this condition. These tests are perfectly safe and painless, with no needles, scalpels or medication being involved. The entire procedure is normally very brief, and probably won’t take you more than one hour from start to finish.

There are three main questions that doctors seek to answer with these diagnostic tests. First, they are seeking to establish any evidence of deep vein blood clots. Secondly, they ascertain whether the veins are functioning properly. Lastly, they test the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) to determine if it is working well.

A competent vein specialist will always undertake this exercise before treating your condition. Some of the procedures that you can expect include:

*Color-flow Duplex Exam – This is used to evaluate the anatomy of the affected veins. It determines the direction of blood flow, openings and blockages. This procedure is also important in the process of vein mapping (done for skin deep problems).

*Bi-directional Doppler Exam – This is an ultrasound exam used to determine the speed of blood flow and whether it pauses during normal breathing. It also seeks to identify whether your veins are working properly.

*Photoplethysmography – Phew! Don’t let this complicated medical term intimidate you. Photoplethysmography is basically a diagnostic procedure that is used to determine the efficiency of your calf muscle pump.

*Pressure Calf Exam – In performing this exam, you’ll be asked to lie facing upwards with your legs lifted above your chest. This diagnostic procedure identifies vessel blockages.

Treatment
After establishing the specific nature of your problem, the doctor can then outline the best treatment plan for you. There are several available options:

Sclerotherapy
This treatment involves the doctor injecting a saline solution into the affected veins. The solution then damages the affected vessel walls, causing them to swell and seal shut. Eventually the scar tissue will fade away. The sclerotherapy procedure takes approximately thirty minutes, and has only mild side-effects. Though the injection may be a bit painful, the stinging sensation is usually gone within a few minutes.

Laser and Intense Pulsed Light
This treatment option employs the use of a specialised device that focuses laser energy to the damaged tissue. The whole procedure will just take twenty minutes, and has minimal side-effects.

Natural Remedies
Natural remedies can mean the difference between undergoing medical procedures or not, and are valuable alongside medical treatment. Some recommended herbal remedies include:

*Horse Chestnut Seed – Studies show that this seed helps to improve blood circulation in the legs thus strengthening the veins and capillaries.

*Bilberry Extract – This herbal extract is known to stimulate new capillary formation thus strengthening the capillary walls.

*Butchers Broom – This herb strengthens veins.

*Gotu Kola – A very effective extract which addresses venous insufficiency, foot swelling and water retention. It therefore provides a good solution to spider veins found on the legs.

*Distilled Witch Hazel – This is directly applied on the affected areas using a cotton ball. Numerous clinical studies have shown that this extract can help strengthen blood vessels.

Caution: For health safety purposes, do not start using any herbal remedies without consulting a qualified doctor.

Spider veins prevention
Two of the most important things regarding the prevention of spider veins are eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Eating a diet higher in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables than meat and convenience food is important, and if your job requires you to stand for a long time, you should regularly shift your body weight from one leg to another as well as standing evenly balanced.

To sum things up, the procedure of a spider vein removal is chosen according to several key factors. Your specialist will determine the optimum treatment options based on the results obtained from the diagnostic tests. We hope that this article will provide all the necessary guidance you need in addressing this problem.

For more information about spider veins Brisbane, contact the leg vein doctor Brisbane today.

Double Glazing Windows

Acoustic double glazing requires the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window, preferably by 100mm. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation – Magnetic Acrylic Double Glazing and Acoustic Aluminium Double Glazing. Article body:

What is Window Double Glazing?
Double glazing requires the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window optimally by 100mm. Retrofit our acoustic double glazing to your existing windows or specify our solutions on new projects. Double glazed windows reduce noise transfer by up to 70% and remove heating costs by 35%.

Double Glazing System – Magnetic Acrylic Windows
Magnetic Window Soundproofing System functions very simply by adding a PVC sub frame on the inside of your window. This double glazing system greatly increases noise cancellation. The acrylic window is sealed in place, creating an air space with the existing window, thereby producing an insulating barrier.

Double Glazing System – Acoustic Aluminium Windows
This double glazing system reduces the transfer of noise from outside to inside. These sound proof windows can be specially manufactured to meet specific size requirements. The Soundblock Aluminium Window System is an add on glazing system, creating a double glazed unit to reduce noise transmission through existing windows by up to 70%. As well it provides extra safety and security to the property.

How to Soundproof Windows
To successfully soundproof your windows you will need to have a sufficient distance between your primary window and the edge of your internal window reveal. Ideally this gap is 100mm. This will allow an acoustic secondary window, either our Soundblock Acrylic Magnetic or Soundblock Aluminium windows, to be installed to effectively provide an overall sound reduction of 40-43db.

Noise reduction and soundproofing solutions
Established in 1999, Soundblock Solutions is a highly respected, privately-owned Australian creator of soundproofing products and solutions. We can help to provide a quieter, more comfortable environment in any environment, whether it’s in the home, office, marine, industrial, restaurants or hotels.

Representing leading Australian manufacturers of acoustic products, Soundblock offers a huge range of double glazing and window sound insulation and noise control products for commercial and domestic use. We will determine your exact noise problems and supply and install the most effective product or combination of products for your specific situation. Talk to us for expert advice and a comprehensive, cost-effective solution for all of your soundproofing, double glazing, noise control and acoustic requirements.

Soundblock are the experts in noise reduction and have found using window double glazing systems, that noise can be reduced by up to 70% or 41dB. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation.

End of Lease Cleaning Brisbane – Get Your Bond Back

The scariest thing when it comes to moving at the end of your lease is the cleaning; in order to guarantee that you get your bond money back it is more sensible to hire a professional cleaner to do your dirty work. Sure, it might seem like you can do this yourself, but be careful enough not to under estimate the amount of hard work required. Just imagine where to begin with those never cleaned appliances all around the place, for example how would you clean a light fitting that is full of insects and most likely have never even been dusted. If you still hope that you can do this yourself, just hear this out and decide whether spending your weekend knee-deep in dust and grime is really worth it rather than hiring a professional to handle the situation.

Bond-cleaning-brisbaneIn most cases bond money is normally equivalent to a full month’s rent so it is worth cleaning for. And hiring a professional is not that much expensive if you think about it. A cleaning package including almost all the required services could be bought for a flat fee of $200-$300 on average. For example if you hire B’Bright cleaning service all the required services are available in a single package, that is bond clean, carpet clean and pest control at a very affordable price. But the reason why your choice must be B’Bright cleaning service goes beyond that. B’Bright ensures the quality of service by providing a 100% satisfaction bond back guarantee. That is after the cleaning if you are still going to lose your bond due to any cleaning issue that is covered by the service you bought from B’Bright, they’ll happily return and rectify the problem, ensuring that you get your bond money back. Details: http://www.bbright.com.au/domestic-cleaning-brisbane/bond-cleaning-brisbane/Â Of course, when the real estate agent learns that you have called B’Bright to handle the situation that will hopefully eliminate the likelihood of any nit-picking. So no worries there if you choose B’Bright!

B’Bright offers cleaning services for both domestic and commercial clients and it is one of the dominating competitors in the industry. And for your better comfort it is highly recommended by estate agents as your bond cleaning service provider. At B’Bright, the mission is to provide quality service at a cost effective price for their valued customers. B’Bright is there whenever you need the cleaning as it is open 365 days. You have to be careful when hiring someone to do your cleaning, because at the beginning the package might seem very affordable to mere eye, but when the bill comes at the end of service you can’t believe how it flew up so high! The wise choice here is to allow B’Bright take care of your cleaning needs because then you do not have to worry about these hidden surcharges, B’Bright certifies that the bill is hidden surcharges free. So don’t hesitate to make the choice, why should you get your hands dirty when the ideal professional cleaner is out there? Just call B’Bright and focus on your move and new home without being dragged back to scrub your old one.

Shrink Wrap Film – Retailers Love It

Manufacturers across the divide continue to produce quality products. We are all too familiar, with the attractive transparent packaging of toys, imported fruits, clothes, pens amongst other things. Unlike the previous times, customers can still have a glimpse into their prospective purchases, carefully examining them without necessarily compromising their state or quality (food).

It is as a result of these demands that the shrink film was developed. In the formative years; we were all accustomed to the brown paper bags which had our tree population on the decline. Subsequent move to the opaque store-name-christened polythene was a further disservice. Then came the perfect solution to all these problems, the shrink film.Initially, the shrink film was exclusively made from PVC (Polyvinylchloride).This is a plastic polymer (third most used plastic in the world) that had the capability of sealing products with a thin layer of plastic sheet. These sheets were often transparent to allow the customer have a view of the product.

The sheet would be wrapped over the product and passed over a heat tunnel or a heat gun. Normally, the length or circumference of the product would be measured, 10% of this value would be added then the sum is divided by two, this would give the size of PVC shrink wrapping to be used. PVC has the ability to shrink by 40% percent giving the packaging a tight grip of the product.

However, with time it was noticed that PVC could release small amounts of hydrogen chloride giving the products a characteristic smell in addition to poisoning. The sealers also would have small carbon deposits. The presence of a plasticizer in PVC had the drawback of hardening and shrinkage during cold weather and extreme stetching with subsequent temperature increases.

These drawbacks meant a suitable shrink film devoid of a plasticizer be developed. Polyolefin was found to have the packaging abilities of PVC but lacked the setbacks that faced the latter. It became a preferred choice of packaging. Offering a stronger seal and fewer odours. Its lack of plasticizer meant no physical changes to the shrink film. It would become the perfect storage solution; all weather .Lack of chlorine in its polymer meant no hydrogen chloride previously characteristic of PVC.

However, while its predecessor PVC enjoys machine compatibility and low cost purchases, polyolefin is the opposite, it remains relatively expensive and hard to use alongside machines.PVC on the other hand remains a suitable choice for manufacturers who don’t deal with edible products. Owing to its cheap price and machine compatibility it is a manufacturers darling.

It is of note that, both polymers are ideal for different packaging purposes. The choice of shrink film is determined by the product, budget and level of technology the producer in question has.

The undeniable fact is, packaging being the cornerstone of branding and advertising can be responsible for high sales volume or the reverse. Manufacturers and producers alike are today faced with the tough task of choosing the ideal packaging material. In the end the functionality of the shrink wrap can only be determined by the manufactures and producers.